30 November 2017

Has The Genre Passed Away, Or Moved On?

Violins sound their chords, guitars rock and voices sing - bottles are popped, corks fly. New games in the action genre have graced us this year, something that is cause for celebration these days, isn’t it? Yet for some the bottles remain corked and the music muted, while for others the only voice heard is a sigh of relief. What is going on?

Not too long after Nier: Automata’s release Platinum Games legend Hideki Kamiya offered these words: "Nier's success has to this point given Platinum a new fanbase, a growing staff, a brilliant success story, an increase in qualified job applicants, and a great benefit," followed by saying "Normally, I can't help but do everything by myself... it's a pitiful story, but to say that Yoko-san saved Platinum would not be an exaggeration. I cannot thank him enough."

Fast forward to the release of Team Ninja’s final expansion pack for Nioh, to hear director Fumihiko Yasuda offer these words:
“When the scene after William’s final battle was completed, there was a huge sense of loss and I was very sentimental. That’s because for years, William was always there on our monitors traversing Sengoku Japan, fighting Yokai after another… and I felt I would no longer see that again. Nioh’s development happened during difficult times for Team Ninja. So while it was a tremendous challenge, it also came with unimaginable joy and sorrow. This may sound dramatic but as I see William, who dies again and again, only to come back stronger and continue to take on tougher foes. In this vision, I see the new embodiment of Team NINJA as well. While I am starting to think about the future, at this very moment I only wish for our players to take delight in the final chapter of William’s tale”.

In one year both of action gaming’s most high profile companies offered up the reveal that they had been struggling, be it creatively, or worse: financially. Both Nier: Automata and Nioh were successful, selling over one million copies. Thanks to smart budgeting and market research, these games allowed them to fill their pockets while other companies struggle to make a profit with far larger numbers. So the question is, how did the genre die in the first place, and why? And how did these games save it?

22 November 2017

God of War 1 | The Perfect Video Game?

Browsing through Youtube one might stumble upon a playthrough of the original God of War, released in 2005 on the Playstation 2. Despite being an old game, the comment section is packed with a few individuals commenting on the inner workings of the game and how these could’ve - or worse, should’ve - been implemented by the player. Diving into forums one might find the God of War sections to be dead, but one post is all it takes to bring dozens of recurring names back into the fold. Familiar faces roam the pantheon’s halls, eager to taunt but also teach newcomers. While these players might not seem much, they have given this game as much life as the man who created it: David Jaffe. So what is it that makes God of War and its community so prevalent and resistant against the sands of time?
It started with a thought: Make the player feel brutal, letting their inner beast free and just going nuts" - David Jaffe. During development director Jaffe noted that he looked at contemporary titles like Onimusha and Devil May Cry, both also on the Playstation 2. So instead of making a title that would have to compete, God of War was to complement the already existing library.

Its combat exists out of light and heavy attacks, supplemented with grabs, magic and cinematic finishers; this appears simple on paper. While the genre generally targeted a more arcade like crowd, this was an opportunity to provide an action title that also spoke to the more casual player so having the combat be accessible yet rewarding to play would have been paramount. As such protagonist Kratos wields the Blades of Chaos’s which, unlike its counterparts used by Ryu and Dante, are focused on ranged combat. Aside from being powerhouses at a distance, attacks also have bounces built in making juggling enemies happen almost automatically for the more casual player. But these options are expanded with numerous more complex inputs, launchers, infinites and loops - providing depth for those that wish it, allowing skilled players to trivialize strong enemies by keeping them airborne or stunlocked for the whole duration while less skilled players can just whack foes to death; the feeling of empowerment is never gone. The aforementioned simplistic appearance of the combat was exactly what they were going for.

16 October 2017

Should Every Action Title Add RPG-Elements? Or Is It A Curse We Must Dispel?

In a faraway future neon lights flickers, rain ticks and the sound of action echos through your room. Tucked away in a corner you are playing Ninja Gaiden 4, only just released. Hopping from wall to wall, dashing through an enemy - cutting him in twain - the floor drenched with his blood. “+1 skill points”, notes the game as a reward, you rest your ninja-like senses and contemplate what to spend it on. Perhaps increased damage output? Higher stamina so you can attack more frequently? Or maybe add some extra defense, you have been taking quite the hits these days, best be prepared. As your mind races through all these available options you slowly think back to that boss-fight where you've been stuck for a while now. Your customized ninja rises to his feet and starts the mission anew. A few more runs should make you strong enough to see the boss through to the end.

The thought of a future Ninja Gaiden title including the aforementioned elements is a nightmare to some and a blessing to others. Those who felt intimidated by its difficulty might now vanquish it and those who had a desire for another action-RPG hybrid would be more than happy to jump on the bandwagon. Series veterans might wake up in the middle of the night, sweating with fright that such a game would be made, but they’d still venture in, curious as to what lies within, but ultimately disappointed that skill has been replaced by time-investment.

01 October 2017

What Makes A Game Unfair?

One glance at the content available on Youtube and we see a player getting hit. They quickly retort “there was nothing I could do” followed by “man that was unfair. This quick judgement is more and more public these days, making the term ‘unfair’ have a meaning that is slowly going out of control. Go to any gaming-forum and you’ll find a topic stating how that one boss breaks the rules or how that one scenario is impossible. But is this a case of them blaming the game for their own shortcomings, or is it really stacking the deck against them? It is worth considering: when is a game truly unfair, what makes it so and should a game even be fair to begin with? To do this we’ll mostly focus on three more modern titles; Vanquish, Nioh and the Souls games.

The first element that plays a role in unfair-design is the expectation of the game going in. A title like Ninja Gaiden is known for its difficulty, but a game like Yakuza: Kiwami is not - if the latter is just as hard as the former the expectation can quickly lead to frustrations. The same goes for games that sport a random factor like Fire Emblem or the classical board game Monopoly; going in one knows that a dice roll can change the face of the earth so when it doesn’t go your way the frustration isn’t nearly as bad as if it happens in a game like Dark Souls. This takes a step further if a singular element in one title breaks the expected mold. Take the Lost Sinner boss from Dark Souls II for instance, which - unlike most encounters in previous entries - tracks player movements and even reads inputs. While not a sin in its own right, it being in a Souls title - a series that prides it on not using such cheap tactics - sticks out and can lead to players shouting that infamous word: “unfair”!

27 September 2017

Interview with Devilleon7 | Youtube's Rising Dragon

If you’re a fan of the Yakuza series - known as Ryū ga Gotoku (龍が如く, Like a Dragon) in Japan - then Youtuber Devilleon7 is getting harder and harder to avoid! Offering a Youtube-channel nearly exclusively focused on the series it is a haven for those wanting Yakuza related content. For a brief moment he offered to put down his controller and ram out some answers to Stingers questions.

Welcome Devilleon7! Let’s start off easy, the name: what’s the story behind it? Big Resident Evil fan I take it?
Once you see the "leon" in that nickname, Leon S. Kennedy from the Resident Evil series would most likely be the first thing that comes to your mind, and I will tell you that you are right in assuming so - and in assuming that I'm a big Resident Evil fan as well! It was around 2007 when I first made my YouTube account which makes it about 10 years ago now, and naturally as a kid, you wanna come up with a really cool-sounding name but obviously it becomes nothing but embarrassing and funny to think back on now. The "Devil" part comes from Devil Kazuya from Tekken and "leon" from the Resident Evil series as I had just mentioned, and really, all I did was just slap them together into one name and added a 7 because I love that number. This reminds me of an instance where I spoke to one of my viewers and he said something along the lines of "Oh... I thought your name was one word; Devilleon instead of Devil-Leon, the former sounds much cooler" and I'm really not one to say he's wrong because I agree, hahaha!

14 September 2017

Capcom Bar | Love-letter or Marketing-ploy?

You can’t get around them, Pop-up Stores are everywhere these days. Small venues that exist for a short period of time to promote an upcoming event, movie or otherwise. These shops often offer small gifts or unique purchases that might be hard to find otherwise. In the heart of Japan these often take the form of singular games such as with Dark Souls - which got a shiny little restaurant to hype up its third release. By doing this via a pop-up variant it allows these places to take advantage of the hype and customize towards that singular event; instead of focusing on the whole Souls series it can focus on one single entry. Yet this is exactly what makes the Capcom Bar, located in Shinjuku, so unique. It is not a pop-up restaurant but is instead a place that has been around for years and continues to thrive.
Outside you’ll be surprised to discover that the bar even exists, tucked away in a corner behind other establishments and a reception area. One foot set through the door is enough to notice that it is not quite what you expected from a video-game establishment. It has a slick black coloring going on, there are a few screens and statues but generally the place is clean and peaceful; not at all screaming in tone. Looking around you do start to notice more oddities. Monster Hunter is firmly established in Japan and it shows, statues adorn the edges and posters cover the walls. Screens play trailers for the latest releases, DLCs and season passes but there’s a distinct lack of the old. Outside of one small poster containing some past heroes including Dante and Leon all old classics are omitted. If you’re a fan of Capcom’s past you will not find a lot of love here, the bar is all about the present. Trying to arrange a table can be difficult as none of the staff speaks a word of English, thankfully they managed to call a neighboring bar for help as one of theirs spoke the tongue but it was still a tad surprising to see such an international brand lack such a basic requirement of their staff. Once a table is set however you can sit for two hours; plenty of time to enjoy what’s on offer.
Yet again this is held back. While the bar offers three game-stations, two of these are behind a table. If you aren’t sitting there you won’t be able to play so only one station is generally available. The games on offer are a tad surprising too being Sengoku Basara, Mega Man Collection and Ultra Street Fighter IV - the flagship demon hunter and viewtiful superhero being absent among others. You would expect a special station that emulated or at least made most of the company’s titles playable but this just isn’t the case sadly.

17 August 2017

Vanquish | The Marriage Of Two Genres

Imagine a bookcase filled with old magazines - dusty and scratched. You grab one on games and relish in the old memories that come with it as you read its quality articles. Slowly your eyes settle on a single word next to a review: “genre: shooter”. Back then games were seriously categorized with their brothers. Painkiller’s gothic extravaganza was every much a “shooter” as Delta Force’s attempt at realism. While games have always dabbled with combining multiple genres, like with the original Metroid, it wasn’t until Deus Ex and Metroid Prime that the term “shooter” just wouldn’t suffice anymore. This took another step in 2010 when director Shinji Mikami wished to make a modern iteration of the “arcade shooter” after having completed God Hand’s ode to the classic “beat ‘em up” genre. Looking to other modern titles for inspiration he quickly noted that they ‘lacked speed’ and that he wished to break these rules, subconsciously having his game represent both “action” and the classic “shooter”. He had tried to revive the “arcade shooter” before with P.N.03 with little success and wished to take those lessons learned to realize the vision anew with a bigger budget and wider deadline to back it up. The result is Vanquish.

22 July 2017

Nioh: Dragon of the North | How Soaring Ambition Can Lead To Small Steps

I promised them the Land of the Date,
With them by my side, my ambition soared to the heavens like a mighty dragon.

These words, spoken by the antagonist of the Nioh’s first downloadable content entitled Dragon of the North, also speak volumes on the game itself. The original product promised a great number of things and now even more with this expansion - and with its fans by its side the ambitions soared. But did the dragon of the north soar too high into the clouds or did it breach the heavens?
Dragon of the North is exclusively playable to those who have beaten the game, it being a continuation where the main story left off; a unique move for downloadable expansions. This gives developer Team Ninja more control over the challenge presented as they could be sure players were used to certain attack patterns, combat options and tactics by this point. As such they constructed a campaign that starts off in the snow, an immediate breach of the flow we were used to with nearly four new enemy-types introduced back to back. The foes on display here are a large berserker type enemy, the Namahage(生剥), with a move-set built around hard to read slashes, with some breaks in between hits to confused players further. Another is a soldier that appears generic until his head pops revealing a large worm, the Rokurokubi (轆轤首), within. Lastly there are two variations on existing enemies added into the mix and a recolored foe to fit the more snowy vibe. Taken as a whole the variation in these new enemies is mixed, offering new types of engagements but the general concept remains the same: slow hard hitting enemies which rely on patterns to be defeated instead of wits. The lack of a small but quick foe is a noticeable one increasing by each playthrough. Though the Revenant enemy, who has the same moves available to him as the player, is seeing more frequent usage though it is still not enough and his weakness to both parries and sweeping strikes make him a nuisance at best. Taken as a whole the combat is taking small steps in the same direction instead of reaching for new heights.

11 July 2017

Yakuza Zero | A Brawl Worth Surviving?

You’re walking through the crowded streets of Kamurocho, ripe with 80’s wonder. People walking their date home hoping for the ever elusive kiss, standing in line for that delicious takoyaki (たこ焼き) or even duking it out at the arcades in some glorious match of Outrun(アウトラン) - a classic for sure. But as you walk around a sound is heard in the distance: a crowd gathering. You hear terms being shouted. "桐生一馬!!! あいつを捕まえろ"!!! You peak over the crowd and see a man standing in the middle exhuming the aura of a dragon and facing off against a group of delinquents. As he cracks his knuckles you shiver, when his headbutt collides you shudder. A punch to the stomach follows. Then a dropkick. He gets hit once but doesn’t care. This isn’t a fight for honor but a brawl. He uses the momentum of the blow to grab another and slams him into a car." かっこいい で末ね!" says one bystander but you don’t understand. What is going on? When the last of the thugs hits the ground the man dressed in a white suit, with a shirt featuring a golden-chain design, walks off with a cigarette in his mouth and a calm demeanor radiating from his shoulders. As the camera pans upwards out of sight you realize you are not important here. This is a story about Kazuma Kiryu  (桐生一馬), and this is Yakuza Zero (龍が如く0).

22 June 2017

Enemy Variety | What Is The Value of Combat Compositions?

If there’s one element while designing a product that restricts creativity - it is time. Time influences what content is cut, what is left in and thus decides which pieces of the puzzle the designers have to play with to keep the game interesting. Each and every director uses time in different ways; some use the time allotted to them to add as many features as possible while others focus on removing bugs or bad gameplay elements.

Most commonly cut content include levels, music tracks, certain set-pieces or gameplay mechanics - but data-mining finished games mostly finds cut enemies. Why is this? Well, enemies influence a lot of aspects of the game. For instance they need to be designed to work in numerous combat scenarios but also need to be able to deal and be dealt with all weapons available to the player - all while being different enough from others to warrant its existence. Due to this designing a single enemy can take up as much work as a whole new mechanic for all the pieces it brings with it.

While enemies being cut doesn’t stand out in more exploration based games like Horizon: Zero Dawn or platformers like Super Mario 3d World - it can turn into a glaring issue for action titles as the majority of the gameplay is spent facing off against these foes. The less there are, the faster players might get bored or be left unchallenged. And the worse their design or A.I., the less the combat can shine for a good combatant needs strong enemies.

Yet there are still games that despite cut content offer ample enemy-variety such as Ninja Gaiden Black, Dark Souls, Bloodborne and The Witcher 3: all bursting with more enemies than most series have across all their entries. But isn’t the old saying, “It’s not what you got, it’s how you use it”? While this comment is mostly used to refer to our third sword-arm, let’s get that little in-joke out of the way and focus on the meat of things here. Namely, the topic of this piece:

Enemy variety versus enemy usage, how to make the best possible combat experience under pressure?

07 June 2017

Viewtiful Joe | Revealing underlying talent - or exposing lack thereof?

Creative minds rarely start as they are now, only having gotten this far through hard work and an environment that allowed growth and experimentation. Itagaki from Ninja Gaiden fame had years to grow as a director, gain experience and preference - to find his style. Hideki Kamiya, the man of the hour in this piece, had no such environment. After his stint as system planner in the original Resident Evil he became director of the series moving forward with its sequel Resident Evil 2 and the later re-imaging of the franchise with Resident Evil 4. Yet during 4’s development Kamiya started to show his teeth as a creative element and as a result went a bit to far, leading to the change of Resident Evil 4 into Devil May Cry; a subject we’ll no doubt cover in later articles. But what’s important to note here is that Kamiya always had to focus on existing franchises and to build them further ahead, yet with Devil May Cry he proved he could create new material just as well if not better. As a result Capcom’s Production Studio 4, of which Kamiya was a member, started what would be known as “staff-focused projects”. These aimed to increase the skills and expertise of Capcom's staff but most importantly Kamiya himself. Born out of this came his first real own game.

"Viewtiful Joe" 

01 June 2017

Interview with Kagerasimaru | Master of the Ninja Arts

Kagerasimaru, or Kokoromaster to some, has been a force of nature in the Ninja Gaiden community. Offering strong advice and some helpful video content for both new players and veterans alike! Despite a near eight hour time difference we managed to briefly talk to Kagerasimaru about his passion: action games!

Kagerasimaru! It doesn’t take more than one glance at your Youtube channel to see a strong emphasis on action titles, what pulled you into this genre compared to others?
I believe it was the moment I began playing the first Devil May Cry. That game opened up a lot of options and ideas to me as a player. I then slowly branched out to Ninja Gaiden and quickly realized just how amazing this series is. Especially Ninja Gaiden Sigma 2 is an action game milestone to me. I suffered a lot learning the game, beating "Path of the Master Ninja" difficulty as well as spending the time to practice and improve myself as a player. 

Funny that you should mention Ninja Gaiden Sigma 2, as your first set of videos cover that game. What prompted the sudden desire to record?
As I slowly began to get comfortable with the game I wanted to share the knowledge I had developed over the years with other players, so I could help them with overcoming the difficulty of "Path of the Master Ninja". The videos offered entertainment, combos, as well as insight on how to approach enemies and bosses in an relatively easy way for players to use.

15 May 2017

Nioh(仁王) | Resurrection or smoldering ash?

This article on Nioh is a rewrite from the one posted on 20-02-2017. It has been revised as new gameplay elements rose to the surface and the game was patched. That and the original article was, admittedly, rushed to meet the hype of the game. This review is up to date with version 1.6 and includes the free DLC-missions from that patch.

Nioh (仁王",  "仁" meaning "benevolent" and "王” standing for "king") is a story of rebirth, inside and out. Based on unfinished script of famed writer Akira Kurosawa the game has been in production since 2004. While originally scheduled for release around 2008 the game struggled with multiple studios and engines before ending up in the hands of a then struggling developer, Team Ninja; who came from strong rich action game roots, having laid out the template with Ninja Gaiden on the original Xbox back in 2004. Yet after the departure of key staff members the studio hadn’t been fighting for glory or honor, but for survival. Dead or Alive 5 and its subsequent reiterations had been successful but the foray of Ninja Gaiden unto the new generations had been met with lukewarm reception. Ninja Gaiden 3 tried to be something new and failed and its re release Razor’s Edge was a rushed redemption building on what had been done before. Just as Nioh, Team Ninja needed a second chance. Like the eastern spiritual animal Suzaku, the vermilion bird of the south, they needed resurrection. With these stakes, Team Ninja decided to invest heavily in player feedback. Nearly a year prior to release the game had multiple open betas paired with questionnaires for feedback. Armed with the data the game was tweaked and adjusted constantly, finally seeing release on February 2017. But did Nioh grow out of the ashes as a new bird, flocking among the greats of the genre?

10 May 2017

Interview with Ron Schuijt | Life of an illustrator, heart of a gamer!

The designer of Stinger Magazine’s latest logo, wielder of a strong but well maintained beard, carrier of a fierce passion for games and art; an applause from behind your computer screens everyone and welcome Ron Schuijt.

Ron is an illustrator, character designer, concept artist and animator from the Netherlands. Alongside his projects as a freelance designer he is the proud creative mind behind the European comic-strip series Tijl with the second strip being released next year. When not wielding the wacom-pen to draw he uses it as a mouse, tapping his way to victory in the latest game that caught his fancy. Stinger briefly sat down with Ron to discuss his work and gaming hobby.

Ron, welcome! You were contacted to make the design for this site, can you tell the readers a bit on how you made this logo. What’s the process behind it?
Basically I started with gathering images of typography used in action and fighting games for inspiration. Getting the right font and adjusting it to fit the motion I was looking for took the longest, the first sketches had too much effects piled on top of each other and felt a bit too campy, but I’m happy with the end result!

03 May 2017

Mirror's Edge: Catalyst | When combat is not the focus, how do you design it?

It is June 10th, 2013. As the ink-pen edges over her skin viewers are wondering what kind of trailer they are watching. Does the upcoming tattoo signify anything? Are we looking at a sequel or something new? Before viewers can even begin to speculate fans of the cult-classic Mirror’s Edge start screaming at the top of their lungs as they witness protagonist Faith wall-running through a hallway ablaze with gunfire. It’s beautiful, it’s fast, it’s vibrant in its colors… it’s Mirror’s Edge: Catalyst. And we never thought it would see the light of day.

Now you might be wondering why this game is getting a article on Stinger; a site solely dedicated to combat. While not every game focuses on fighting it finds itself present in nearly each and every game; being easily used to give a feeling of conflict. What remains in our minds after the credits are not the scenes oozing with drama but those dripping with blood. So how well does a game’s combat-engine hold up when it is not the focus?
Before we get into the combat let’s take a quick look at what the game is meant to be: a parkour game. Mirror’s Edge: Catalyst has a first person perspective and a colorful yet distinctly Apple-like setting; a joy to behold with its strong mixtures of white and primary colors. The usage of the color black is somewhat lackluster, only appearing on the main character to help her stand out in promotional material. It would have been excellent to have it see more use.

Gameplay is all about movement, the longer you run without stopping the faster you’ll be; momentum is key. Controls are divided into five options: High, Low, Attack, Dash and Turn. Pressing High while running results in a jump but when close to a wall it becomes a wall-run. Pressing Low lets Faith crouch but if pressed while running will make her slide across the pavement. It’s when these options are combined that the movement goes full-circle. For example turning while sliding lets you turn 180 degrees while maintaining your momentum. It’s a fun set of mechanics to toy around with that can give you a plethora of movement options just to get around one simple fence. Surrounding this is the open-world structure, replacing the classic level based lay-out of the original. At first you’ll be at a constant loss but eventually one will recognize routes and find shortcuts until the city is mastered. But you’ll often stumble upon dead ends which is at odds with the games soul, as movement options like the grappling hook are unlocked throughout the story. Exploration is not recommended. This is a shame because if there is one word the designers have tattooed in their soul, it is motion.

22 April 2017

Hard Mode | The way it was meant to be played?

Reaching the credits is usually where the game ends but for others it is merely the beginning. As newer difficulties are unlocked we are challenged over and over, pushed to new limits and beyond those we thought reachable. But what makes a difficulty good? Often times one talks of a game being hard or having hard settings, but rarely on how the difficulty is done right or wrong. In this article we’ll try to analyze the origin of the higher difficulty settings, their purpose, what defines a good high difficulty setting and offer some examples of higher difficulty settings done right.


While consoles like the Magnavox Odyssey did break ground, gaming’s fundamentals are found at the arcades... one coin at a time. With the mechanic of a death costing you a coin games quickly became very hard and as a result only the most dedicated players could finish them. To obtain this level of difficulty mechanics like instant-deaths, strange enemy patterns or ambushes were abused which emphasized memorization; unknowingly leading to experienced players being able to beat a game using a single coin. This had an effect on score-based games which went on indefinitely but were eventually crashed due to player skill like with Pac-man where the maximum score obtainable is 3333360 before the memory overflows and fun things start to happen.1 Many arcade games did allow arcade owners to change certain variables of difficulty via DIP switches unbeknownst to the player if they wanted their visitors to spend more money - an evil practice. Another part where difficulty stems from is experience in the medium. While board games had been around for centuries, these had mostly focused on player versus player. Video Games - with exception - were about the player versus the machine. Others were difficult not because they were hard but because the controls were unresponsive and enemies had strange hitboxes or glitches surrounding them giving them an unfair advantage, all due to developer inexperience. It is because of these elements that older games are known to be more difficult than those of the current generation. No matter which point in time you're reading this piece this will be true (a special welcome to our augmented readers of the year 2052).

08 April 2017

P.N.03 | Mastery through memorization

You tap your feet on the floor at a tight rhythm. Shots fire and bounce from the wall. An engine roars and you lift your leg up to the beat and snap your fingers. Nothing can hold you back. Your head bounces, you nod as foes fall before your magnificence. As the screen fades out you see how well you did while your head keeps nodding. The beat forces you to press on.
You are playing P.N.03, congratulations for you are one of the few; and you are lucky for having done so.

P.N.03 was part of the now infamous Capcom Five: a series of five games made by Capcom exclusively for the Nintendo Gamecube. These games were set to launch yearly, starting with 2003. In the original planning the games released would be Viewtiful Joe (2003), Robot War Game (2004), Resident Evil 4 (2005), Killer 7 (2005 as well) and Dead Phoenix (2006). With Viewtiful Joe leading the pack director Shinji Mikami could focus on directing Robot War Game, Resident Evil 4 and Killer 7. Yet after the announcement of the Capcom Five in late 2002 an internal delay hit Viewtiful Joe hard, forcing it out of the fiscal year. As a result Robot War Game was pushed to the front of the release calendar. After only five days of development Mikami changed the direction of the game towards that of a more action-shooter with a clean design aesthetic to set it apart from his other games which had a more bleak visual tone. After the protagonist Vanessa Z. Schneider was seen dancing past bullets Mikami originally intended for the game to be called Jaguar but other staff members didn't care for that title, forcing Mikami to come up with a new name. Despite this one animator changed Vanessa’s crouch animation to one that resembles that of a jaguar, to keep the spirit in tact. The final name would be Product Number 03, shortened to P.N.03, to give off a more mysterious feel.